Sunday, February 11, 2007

Dada Techniques

10 techniques used by Dada artists:
1.)photomontage- variation of collage in which posted items are photographs; the Dadaists use brushes and paint instead of scissors and glue; they also call themselves monteurs(mechanics) rather than artists because of their radical notion on traditional art;

2.)collage- developed by Picasso and Braques in Paris; used papers, fabric, and other 2D materials and pasted them together; they broke down the barrier between everyday life and art by creating collages;

3.)assemblage- 3Dwork of art; examples are sculptures and pictures hung on walls; they were also built from everyday objects that were fastened, nail, or screwed together; examples of these objects were bits of trash and war supplies;

4.)readymade- everyday manufactured goods that are considered to be art; created by Marcel Duchamp, who collected manufactured objects and renamed them in English("readymade" to objects purchased "as a sculpture already made"); he also added signature and titles to these ibjects and converted them into artwork;

5.)typography- mixing fonts; used different punctuations; printed words both horizontally and vertically; this experiment shows the audience the fascination with the newly printed culture;

6.)sound poem- poems without words(abstract poems); language is broken down into abstract parts like letters and syllables and then are reconfigured as meaningless sounds; it offers both a metaphor for the destruction caused by war and a commentary on language;

7.)abstraction- began in Zurich; Zurich dadaists saw it as a way of gaining access to a more inner consciousness; it is also the primary force for creative expression in the visual arts;

8.)chance- antidote; offered a way of letting go of conscious control; presented a critique of the notion of artistic mastery;

9.)photography- relished its modern means of creation; dadaists used double exposures, radical perspective, unconventional subjects, and photograms; these are among the earliest abstract photographs;

10.) overpainting- Max Ernst embellished wallpapers, knitting and crochetting instruction sheets, pages from handicraft booklets, and a printer's catalogue; his series of work included painting or drawing over pages of found print material;

Artist: Tristan Tzara
1.) Salon Dada, Exposition Internationale- in this piece of artwork, Tzara uses the technique typography; he described the Dada revolution with graphic work; the tool he used was lithograph; he wrote down words in different sizes and shapes; the words are positioned sideways, diagonally, and horizontal; he also wrote phrases and numbers; most of the phrases are surround by some kind of border or frame; the title of the piece is written in big words at the bottom; what I found interesting was that he had the letters of Salon Dada positioned differently and Exposition Internationale written straight forward;

2.)Mouvement Dada: 8. Dada-Soiree(Dada Movement: 8th Dada Soiree)- in this piece of artwork Tzara is lithograph and collage additions; the first part of the title, Mouvement Dada is writtten in lithograph and the rest look like pictures that were mounted onto the paper; the college additions are tilted, which is how a see a collage(a poster with a bunch of pictures mounted on different ways); The title is the first thing that catches my attention because it is in big letters and its color is black;

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